NOVA SCOTIA DUCK TOLLING RETRIEVER CLUB OF CANADA
CODE OF ETHICS
This document is the Code of Ethics adopted by the NSDTR of Canada
on July 1, 2008.
The purpose of the NSDTR Club of Canada Code of Ethics is to foster
the well-being of the breed and to encourage a uniform high standard
of breeding. It emphasizes the Toller's original purpose as a tolling
and hunting retriever by maintaining all characteristics of type,
including but not limited to intelligence, hunting ability, temperament
All prospective members will affirm that they will comply with
the Code of Ethics by signature on their application for membership.
Each member will reaffirm compliance annually by signature when
membership is renewed:
Accepted by: _____________________________________
Members should educate themselves on all
aspects of responsible dog ownership. Every Toller owner is encouraged
to disclose health information to the NSDTR Club of Canada Open
Health Registry. Dogs must be maintained with their good health
and safety in mind, including but not limited to grooming, feeding,
veterinary care, housing, training, socialization and exercise.
Members shall be courteous, cooperative
and responsible, respecting and not denigrating another Member in
good standing. The integrity of the Club is to be upheld in all
Whenever and wherever Members compete
with their Tollers, they will behave with decorum and due regard
for the requirements of the host organization, its venue and at
Members shall also place the health and
well being of their dogs above the pursuit of awards. At all times
they will conduct themselves so as to reflect well on the Nova Scotia
Duck Tolling Retriever Club of Canada.
All members should be willing to assist
in placing any homeless Toller, if possible.
Definition of a breeder:
A breeder is defined as "any person who owns, leases or is
responsible for any bitch or dog that is bred, with the intent of
producing at least some of the litter for sale."
Responsibilities of breeders:
Breeders should take back, or assist in
relocation of, any dog they produce, for the dog's entire life.
Ethical breeders are constantly aware
of the responsibilities of breeding to foster the natural abilities,
character, breed type and health of Tollers. With the Canadian Kennel
Club Standard as their blueprint and current health information
and tests as tools, healthy working companions with good breed type
should be the goal of every breeding.
Breeders shall avoid knowingly producing
puppies affected for diseases where genetic testing is available,
except in cases of test breedings required for research. Test breedings
shall be done only in partnership with an accredited research facility.
Breeders will stay current on and utilize
new technologies that may be developed to screen for additional
Breeders recognize that dogs selected for breeding should be of
temperament appropriate for the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever:
stable, loving and playful with his family, but may be aloof with
strangers. Dogs shall not be overly shy or aggressive and shall
be trainable and willing to work. Temperament is of utmost importance
to the breed and must never be neglected.
Breeders shall provide buyers with the
documented results of any health and/or genetic tests carried out
on the dog being purchased, and on its sire and dam. They will also
make such results available to the Club's Open Health Registry.
Breeders shall also provide buyers with written details of feeding,
veterinary and general care.
When planning a litter, breeders should have prospective buyers
in mind for pups they do not intend to keep. Breeders are encouraged
to share the names of prospective buyers if unable to meet buyers.
needs in a reasonable amount of time.
Breeders shall register all dogs with
the Canadian Kennel Club, or the applicable governing body of the
country in which they reside. Within six months of date of sale
(or when all pre-existing agreements between breeder and buyer have
been met), breeders shall provide buyers, at no extra cost, with
registration papers for all dogs sold, a current CKC breed standard
and at least a three-generation pedigree. Accurate records shall
be kept of matings, pedigrees, sales, transfers and health information.
Members shall not, in any circumstances, knowingly be a part of
or contribute to a false registration.
To protect the integrity of the breed, breeders shall utilize one
of the following:
CKC Non-breeding Agreements, co-ownerships and/or private contracts,
for all dogs sold from their kennel. Breeders will provide honest
and clear information about their Tollers to prospective buyers
prior to the actual sale.
All stock should be at least seven weeks
of age before leaving the breeder's premises.
All advertising shall be factual. If statements are made concerning
health status, documentation shall be supplied upon request.
Members will not, to the best of their
knowledge, sell or consign any animals to pet stores or other commercial
outlets, to contest sponsors, dealers, or to persons under CKC or
any breed club censure. Members will attempt to sell, permit stud
service, lease studs or bitches only to those individuals who give
satisfactory evidence that these animals will be given proper care,
and who are in agreement with this Code of Ethics.
Breeders are encouraged to demonstrate to buyers that the breeder
adheres to the Code of Ethics and to provide a copy of it to every
Breeders should educate themselves on diseases found in the breed,
so that sound decisions can be made to maintain breed health, type
and integrity. A thorough knowledge of pedigrees should be used
to avoid doubling up on diseases, thereby working towards reducing
the incidence of these conditions by careful selection.
All breeding stock shall be:
Healthy dogs over the age of 18 (eighteen) months and bitches
not more than 8 (eight) years of age.
Certified clear of hip dysplasia by a recognized institution, e.g.
OFA, OVC, PennHip.
Certified clear of hereditary eye diseases by a veterinary ophthalmologist
before breedings: the recommendation is yearly or a maximum of 18
(eighteen) months between examinations.
Tested to determine the progressive rod-cone
(prcd)/PRA and CEA (collie eye anomaly) DNA status 'Clear, Carrier
or Affected' if unknown by parentage.
Suitable spacing of litters for any one bitch shall be practised,
with top priority given to the health, welfare and quality of life
for the bitch. Previous litter size and age of the bitch should
be carefully considered before any breeding. A bitch should not
produce more than 5 litters or 32 offspring in her life.
Following rules in Article V of the Club By-laws, any complaint
alleging contravention of this Code shall be set out in a letter
to the Secretary of the Club. The Executive will investigate the
matter, without delay. If it is determined that the member is in
contravention of this Code, the member will be sent a letter outlining
the Code's guidelines and expectations for member conduct.
If the member is reported and proven to
have repeated the contravention, the member will be immediately
removed from the breeder.s referral list and will no longer be permitted
to advertise in Toller Talk, or in any documentation of the Nova
Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever Club of Canada including the website.
In order to be reinstated, proof that the contravention has not
recurred must be given to the executive. The executive will determine,
by vote, if the member may once again advertise their kennel through
the club and be listed in the breeder's referral.
If any breeder chooses not to sign the
Code of Ethics with their membership renewal, they will not be permitted
to promote their kennel through any club venue, including newsletters,
the club website and the breeder's referral.
Any member of the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever Club of Canada
who, in the opinion of the Executive, contravenes this Code of Ethics
may be subject to reprimand, suspension or expulsion from the Club's
Breeder's List, and/or from Club membership as provided for in the
Club By-Laws, Article V.